Malaga is a port city in Andalusia, southern Spain, on the
Costa del Sol coast of the Mediterranean. According the
2006 census the population is 558,287. (36°43′N 4°25′W)
Population of the city of Malaga proper was 558,287 as of
2005 estimates. Population of the urban area was 814,000
as of 2005 estimates. Population of the metropolitan area
(urban area plus satellite towns) was 1,074,074 as of 2005
estimates, ranking as the fifth largest metropolitan area
Malaga is surrounded by mountains, lying in the southern
base of the Axarquía hills, and two rivers, the
Guadalmedina (it’s on the left bank) and the Guadalhorce,
flow near the city into the Mediterranean.
The climate is mild and equable, the mean annual
temperature being about 19 °C (66 °F). For its broad sky
and broad expanse of bay the city has been compared to
The inner city of Malaga is just behind the harbour. The
quarters of El Perchel, La Trinidad and Lagunillas
surround this centre. The city has much revenue from the
agricultural sector and from tourism.
The Holy Week, Semana Santa, and the Malaga Fair, "Feria
de Malaga" are the two most well-known of Malaga’s
The Phoenicians founded the city Malaka here, in about
1000 BC. The name Malaka is probably derived from the
Phoenician word for salt because fish was salted near the
About six centuries later, the Romans conquered the city
along with the other Spanish areas of Carthago. From the
5th century AD it was under the rule of the Visigoths.
In the 8th century, Spain was conquered by the Moors, and
the city became an important centre of trade. Malaga was
first a possession of the Caliphate of Cordoba. After the
fall of the Umayyad dynasty, it became the capital of a
distinct kingdom, dependent on Granada. During this time,
the city was called Mālaqah.
At a late stage of the reconquista, the reconquering of
Spain, Malaga became Christian again, in 1487.
Malaga did not undergo fierce bombing by Francoist
insurgent air forces during the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
Tourism on the adjacent Costa del Sol boosted the city's
economy from the 1960s onwards.
The magnum opus of Cuban composer Ernesto Lecuona, "Malagueña",
is named for the music of the Gypsies of this region of
Under the Visigoths Malaga was made an Episcopal see. The
earliest known bishop was Patricius, consecrated about
290, and present at the Council of Eliberis (in present
Elvira). Hostegesis governed te sene from 845 to 864.
After the battle of Guadalete the city passed into the
hands of the Arabs, and the bishopric was suppressed under
both Moorish states.
In 1487 Isabel and Fernando besieged the city, which after
a desperate resistance was compelled to surrender; and
with the Christian religion, the Episcopal see was
restored. The first bishop after the restoration was Pedro
The see was vacant from 1835 to 1848. The Catholic diocese
was, by the Concordat of 1851, made a suffrage of the
archbishopric of Granada, having previously been dependent
on the archbishopric of Seville.
Unfinished tower of Cathedral Since the concordat of 1851
the Cathedral Chapter has numbered 20 canons and 11
beneficed clerics. There were in the diocese (1910)
520,000 Catholics, a few Protestants: 123 parishes, 481
priests, and 200 churches and chapels; the Augustinian
Fathers had a college at Ronda; the Piarists were teaching
at Archegonia and the Brothers of St. John of God had
schools at Antequera, at which place there is also a
In the town of Malaga were convents for women, including
Bernardines, Cistercians, Augustinians, Poor Clares,
Carmelites and Dominicans. The Little Sisters of the Poor
maintain homes for the aged and infirm at Malaga,
Antequera and Ronda.
Nowadays in Malaga there is a wide religious choice from
Occident and Orient: Most of the citizens declare
themselves to be Catholics. One of the most beautiful
churches is the "Santuario de la Virgin Victoria".
Islam is also represented with the construction of a new
mosque. The Evangelic are also making them known through a
variety of different activities and social works. The Jew
Community in Malaga is represented by its synagogue and
the Jewish Association. It is also possible to visit the
Hindi Temple and Buddhist Shrine en Benalmadena, only 12
miles from Malaga. This Buddhist Shrine (stupa) is the
biggest in Europa.