Castile-La Mancha (Spanish Castilla -La Mancha) is an
autonomous community of Spain.
Castile-La Mancha is bordered by Castile and León, Madrid,
Aragon, Valencia, Murcia, Andalusia, and Extremadura. It
is one of the most sparsely populated of Spain's
of Castile-La Mancha is Toledo.
Castile-La Mancha was formerly grouped with the province
of Madrid into New Castile ("Castilla la Nueva"), but with
the advent of the modern Spanish system of semi-autonomous
regions (las autonomías); it was separated due to great
economic disparity between the capital and the remaining
It is in this province where the famous Spanish novel Don
Quixote by Cervantes takes place. Although La Mancha is a
windswept, battered plateau (manxa means parched earth in
Arabic; hence La Mancha is not definitively related to the
Spanish word mancha, or stain, which is derived from Latin
macula) it remains a symbol of the Spanish culture with
its sunflowers, windmills, Manchego cheese and, of course,
La Mancha's history has been tumultuous. Going as far back
as the Muslim domination of the Iberian Peninsula, La
Mancha was the centre of many battles between Christian
and Muslim forces. Moreover, this region saw a lot of
struggle in the 14th and 15th century with the unification
of Castile and Aragon in 1492 under Queen Isabel and King
Mancha is divided into 5 provinces named after their
is a province of central Spain, in the southern part of
the autonomous community of Castilla-La Mancha.
It is bordered by the provinces of Valencia, Alicante,
Murcia, Granada, Jaén, Ciudad Real, and Cuenca.
Albacete has a population of 384,640 (2005). Its capital
is Albacete. Other important towns (with more than 10 000
inhabitants) are: Hellín, Almansa, Villarrobledo, La Roda
is a province of central Spain, in the south-western part
of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. It is
bordered by the provinces of Cuenca, Albacete, Jaén,
Córdoba, Badajoz, and Toledo.
Its capital is Ciudad Real. The province has a population
of 484,338 (2002), of whom just over an eighth reside in
The Parquet National de las Tablas de Daimiel is located
in Ciudad Real, which also shares the Parque National de
Cabañeros with Toledo province.
is a province of central Spain, in the eastern part of the
autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. It is bordered
by the provinces of Valencia (including its exclave Rincón
de Ademuz), Albacete, Ciudad Real, Toledo, Madrid,
Guadalajara, and Teruel.
201,614 people (2002) live in the province. Its capital is
Cuenca, where nearly a quarter of the population live,
some 46,800 people. There are 238 municipalities in Cuenca.
Other populous towns and municipalities include Tarancón,
San Clemente, Spain, Quintanar Del Rey, Motilla Del
Palancar, Mota Del Cuervo and Las Pedroñeras.
is a province of central
Spain, in the northern part of the autonomous community of
Castile-La Mancha. It is bordered by the provinces of
Cuenca, Madrid, Segovia, Soria, Zaragoza, and Teruel.
Its population is 213.505 (2006). The area of the province
covers 12.190 km². Its capital is Guadalajara, where
nearly 35% of the province's population lives. There are
288 municipalities in Guadalajara, of which more than
three-quarters are villages with populations less than
is a province of central Spain, in the western part of the
autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha.
It is bordered by the provinces of Madrid, Cuenca, Ciudad
Real, Badajoz, Caceres, and Ávila.
Of the province's 546,538 people (2002), only about 1/9
live in the capital, Toledo, which is also capital of the
The province contains 204 municipalities. The smallest
municipality in Spain, Illán de Vacas, with a population
of 5, is in Toledo province. See List of municipalities in
The province shares the Parque National de Cabañeros with
Ciudad Real province.